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Architecture and attraction

Architecture and attraction
Architecture and attraction

Ekaterinburg is one of the biggest cities in Russia, the administrative center of Sverdlovsk Oblast and the official capital of Ural Federal District. The city is very famous for its industry particularly for such branches as machinery, metal processing, ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy. However, it famous not only for highly-developed industry, but also for the cultural life of the city, its historic heritage and peculiar local color that yearly attract the Russian and foreign tourists to Ekaterinburg.

City's cultural life is rather intensive. Every inhabitant can find hobby to his or her taste in city's places of entertainment. City's surroundings are very picturesque. Inhabitants and visitors like to go to the countryside where they can ski and skate or stroll forest's lanes. Ekaterinburg has several Olympic champions: for example, Serguei Chepikov (biathlon) and Ivan Ukhov (high jump).

The church on the Blood
The church on the Blood

 

The Church on the Blood

The Church on the Blood has become the symbol of Ekaterinburg. A tragic historic event is the reason for building the Church at that particular place.

The Church on Blood in Honor of All Saints Resplendent in the Russian Land is a Russian Orthodox Church in Ekaterinburg built in 2000-2003 on the site where the former Russian Emperor Nicholas II, his wife Alexandra and their children Grand Duchesses Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Tsarevitch Alexis were executed during the Bolshevik Revolution. The church commemorates the Romanovs' sainthood.

The Church on the Blood is one of the most famous places of Ekaterinburg.

The Russian President Vladimir Putin, the former chancellor of Germany Gerhard Schroeder, members of the British Parliament, of the German Bundestag, of the Bulgarian State Council, the head of the Russian emperor's house Grand Princess Maria Vladimirovna and many other distinguished people have visited the Church.

The so-called "Tsar's Days" are held every year in July. Pilgrims from all countries of the worlds come here to pray. During the Easter week, visitors are allowed to ring the bells of any Orthodox church.

If you choose to arrange your tour during the Easter week, you will enjoy an awesome look at Ekaterinburg and ring the Church bells with a pair of earphones on, and a professional bell-ringer accompanying you.

The Circus
The Circus

The Circus

Speaking about cultural life of Ekaterinburg, we can't but mention the Circus. It is an immense and richly ornamented building for 2600 spectators which hosts all sorts of circus shows. The Circus was built in 1980 on the right bank of Iset River.

Ekaterinburg Circus has a huge lattice steel dome with a distinctive shape, which makes one of the Ekaterinburg's landmarks (architect Yu. Shvartsbrein). There are only 2 such domes in the world. The other was designed by architect Niemeyer in Brazil. The architecture of the Ekaterinburg Circus is the only one in Europe. It allows staging complicated performances. A lot of famous Russian and foreign actors performed on its ring.

The interior is decorated by unique Ural marble. There are 2 arenas - the principal arena and one for the rehearsals.

 

The Dam and the Historic center are situated at the heart of Ekaterinburg
The Dam and the Historic center are situated at the heart of Ekaterinburg

The Dam and the Historic center are situated at the heart of Ekaterinburg

It's the place where the initial development of the city's industry took place.

The dam was erected in 1723 and later survived two reconstructions. Larch trees were used to build the dam because with time larch becomes harder and more solid. It is an impressive industrial monument of the XVIII century.

Unfortunately, very few buildings of the old factory area have been preserved. Still, you can find a water-tower that was built in the 1870's, where is the blacksmith now, The Museum of Fine Arts, The Regional Natural History Museum, The Museum of Art History and Industrial Engineering of Ural.

You can walk along the streets surrounding the Historic Park, marveling at beautiful larch- trees that are still there since the XVIII century.

 

The Opera and Ballet House of Ekaterinburg
The Opera and Ballet House of Ekaterinburg

The Opera and Ballet House of Ekaterinburg

There are many theaters of all kinds in Ekaterinburg. The most famous theatre is surely Opera House. It is one of the most beautiful buildings in Ekaterinburg and one of the oldest in Russia.

The grand opening of Ekaterinburg Opera and Ballet House took place in October, 1912 with a performance of the first Russian opera "Ivan Susanin" by M. Glinka and since then it has been distinguished as  "the best theater of the Asian part of Russia". The story of its birth is artless, because at the beginning of the XX century cultural and especially theatrical life of Ekaterinburg has proved to be so intensive and versatile that great necessity in a new and large Opera House was self-evident. A competition was held and a project of a St. Petersburg architect V.N. Semenov titled "Svetlana" was announced the best. And long after citizens of Ekaterinburg couldn't refer to their theater different then "Svetlana" because this name associates perfectly well with the light, tenderly pink colored, exquisite and graceful Opera House subtly decorated with bas-reliefs.

The theatre season lasts from September to July. On the week days they give one play at 6.30 p.m. and at the weekends there are two plays: one at 11 am and the second is at 6 p.m. The ballets repertoire includes about 40 operas and ballets. As the tickets are extremely cheap they are sold off long before the day of the performance especially on the most famous plays like "Swans Lake", "Nutcracker", "Karmen" and "Eugene Onegin","Cinderella", "Nutcracker", "Giselle", "Don Quixote", "Romeo and Juliette", "Tosca", "Traviata".

Many famous artists played in this theatre like Serguei Lemeshev, Ivan Kozlovsky, Irina Arkhipova. Operas and ballets attract both theatre-lovers and townspeople who like the Arts. Luxury interiors of the theater, skills of the actors and producers, traditional Russian spirit of the theatre - all this you will be able to experience if you visit our Opera.

 

The Ural State Technical University
The Ural State Technical University

The Ural Federal University

Ekaterinburg is famous for its universities. The biggest one is the Ural Federal University. It is the biggest technical institution of higher education in Russia, with close ties to local industry in the Urals.

The Ural Federal University (former Ural State Technical University) was built in 1929-1932 by architects S. Chernyshov, G. Volfenzon, and K. Babykin. Since then it has been the largest and probably best-known university in Ekaterinburg and Ural.

Originally, it was founded in 1920 as part of the Ural State University, than it became an independent and now it is again united with the Ural State University under the title Ural Federal University. Today more than 2000 scientists work and teach in the university, and about 27,000 students study at 12 departments acquiring 120 different professions.

An impressive monumental ensemble of the Ural Federal University is a landmark of Ekaterinburg. In front of the building is the monument to Serguei Kirov, a prominent Bolshevik.

A while ago it was named after the first President of Russia Boris Yeltsin, who studied there. A story goes that Boris Yeltsin and his future wife Naina met and first kissed under a certain column. Now every student knows what to do and where to do it to become President of Russia or First Lady.

Among the most notable alumni of the Ural Federal University are Arkady Mikhailovich Chernetsky, the former Mayor of Ekaterinburg, and Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin, President of Russia (1991-1999).

 

Museum of the History of Jeweler and Lapidary Arts
Museum of the History of Jeweler and Lapidary Arts

Museum of the History of Jeweler and Lapidary Arts

The Museum of the History of Jeweler and Lapidary Arts in Ekaterinburg was organized in 1992. It is situated in the territory of the former Mining drugstore. This famous project was designed by the renowned Urals architect Michael Malakhov in 1821. The Museum of the History of Jeweler and Lapidary Arts has many outstanding mineralogical exhibits which are placed in the museum exhibitions, like emerald ashlars 'Zvezdar', 'Novogodny', 'Demantoid Alexandrov' and the ashlar of Gumyoshki malachite of the 18-19th centuries.

The earliest stone cutting wares of the Museum of the History of Jeweler and Lapidary Arts, Ekaterinburg goes back to the XV century. The interior pieces on display are made of malachite, jasper, marble produced by Ekaterinburg Lapidary factory in the XIX century. The stone cutting collection has pieces of the modern authors. The museum exposition which is dedicated to the Russian jewelry art history can be found in the so called Golden Pantry of the museum. One can find golden as well as silver wares of the earlier centuries.

There is a separated exposition in the museum which is dedicated to the modern art of Jewelry of the Urals. Presently, the Museum of the History of Jeweler and Lapidary Arts, Ekaterinburg is the place for experimental and creative laboratory for the stone cutters as well as jewelers. Throughout the year different exhibitions as well as seminars and contests are held here.

 

The Ural Geological Museum
The Ural Geological Museum

The Ural Geology Museum was founded in 1937 as an exhibition of mineral treasures of the Urals organized for the 17th session of the International Geological Congress. In 1938 it was transferred to the Ural Geological Institute.

Nowadays the museum is the state "treasure-house" of the Urals and the cultural centre carrying out large tutorial, scientific and educational work. Its main aim is accumulation, investigation, systematization of rocks and minerals of the Ural region and their preservation for the next generations. In the museum are more than 40 thousand exhibits (rocks, minerals, crystals, fossils and others), reflecting the mineral riches and geology of the Urals.

It is housed in a four-story building not far from the city centre.

 

Ekaterinburg Art Gallery
Ekaterinburg Art Gallery

Ekaterinburg Art Gallery

Your visit to the Historical Square should be engaged with a tempting chance to admire the Art Gallery of Ekaterinburg - the first, the oldest and still the most conventional authoritative art institution that manages to blend together traditions and innovations. That is why you can gaze at a unique collection of cast iron works and especially at the Cast Iron Pavilion - the pearl of this museum that has won a Crystal Grand Prix of the International Exhibition held in Paris in 1900. You can appreciate a precious collection of Faberge and beauties of jewelry art, exhibits of classical Russian and European paintings and at the same time you can come across stunning temporary exhibitions of Modern artists as well.

 

Iset River Embankment
Iset River Embankment

 

Iset River Embankment

Do you enjoy walks along a riverbank? Well, if you do, then Iset river that has become the foundation point of Ekaterinburg proffers you a newly reconstructed embankment which has already been acknowledged as the most popular and truly romantic place. You can start off the Historical Square and a 280 year old dam and then stroll pass the Governor's Residence, surprisingly bright and sumptuously immodest. Afterwards you can rest in the peaceful and poetic atmosphere of the Literary Quarter and pass over to the so called Square of Lovers, located in front of the Academic Drama Theater, and its impressive fountain with a huge stone ball right in the center of numerous spurting out water streams.

 

Ekaterinburg City Hall
Ekaterinburg City Hall

 

Ekaterinburg City Hall

The City Administration  as well as the City Duma (Parliament) has been built right at the central square. Initially it was built for the Merchant Courtyard but the burst of the Bolshevik revolution had put an end to all constructions that were overbuilt by four new floors only in 1928-1930. Then later in 1947-1954 architect G. Golubev had lead a project that entirely transformed the previous building of constructivism style into "Stalin Empire" edifice decorated with columns, pilasters, allegoric sculptural statues and a proudly eminent tower that has crowned the newly shaped ensemble of the central city.

 

Monument at the Border between Europe and Asia
Monument at the Border between Europe and Asia

 

Monument at the Border between Europe and Asia

We are pleased to intrigue you with undeniably the most controversial and symbolic geographical mark of Russia. Its story goes back to the beginning of the XVII century when V. Tatischev, the first titled Russian historian, geographer and the founder of Ekaterinburg, gave the name "Ural" to this "most eminent", according to his opinion, range of mountains and proved it to be a "natural watershed" between Europe and Asia. So this tradition has been kept in the XIX century when the first monument perpetuating the border between Europe and Asia was opened in 1837 for the visit of crown prince Alexander, future emperor Alexander II, at the highest point of Siberian highway. You can still look admiringly at this old sign and the newer one built in Soviet times, despite the recent statement of geographers that have moved the border further east having left the Ural Mountains in Europe.

Ekaterinburg is the cultural capital of Ural - Siberian region and is the third city in Russia (after Moscow and St. Petersburg). Ekaterinburg has the same high level of culture as 2 other capitals Moscow and St. Petersburg. It is the native city of many cultural workers, actors, painters and writers.

These all create unique city's style, as it combines both high technologies with cultural and historical values.

Последнее изменение 27 september 2012 15:27